Reference work entry


  • Capital: Kingston

  • Population estimate, 2015: 2.79 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 7,415

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.719/99

  • Internet domain extension: .jm

Civil Aviation

International airlines operate through the Norman Manley and Sangster airports at Palisadoes and Montego Bay. Sangster International is the busiest for passenger traffic, handling 3,378,000 passengers in 2006–07. Norman Manley airport is busier for freight, handling 16,136 tonnes of freight in 2006 but only 1,715,078 passengers.


A tropical climate but with considerable variation. High temperatures on the coast are usually mitigated by sea breezes, while upland areas enjoy cooler and less humid conditions. Rainfall is plentiful over most of Jamaica, being heaviest in May and from Aug. to Nov. The island lies in the hurricane zone. Kingston, Jan. 76 °F (24.4 °C), July 81 °F (27.2 °C). Annual rainfall 32″ (800 mm).

Constitution and Government

Under the constitution of Aug. 1962 the Crown is represented by a...

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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