Repubblica Italiana (Italian Republic)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Rome

  • Population estimate, 2015: 59.80 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 33,030

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.873/27

  • Internet domain extension: .it

Civil Aviation

Alitalia commenced operations in Jan. 2009 as a privately-owned company (25%-owned by Air France-KLM), having taken over the name, landing rights and significant assets of the former national carrier (also Alitalia, which went bankrupt in 2008) and having merged with rival airline Air One. In 2013 the Alitalia group carried 23,993,486 passengers. In 2012 Rome (Fiumicino) airport handled 36,980,157 passengers (24,925,722 on international flights) and 143,172 tonnes of freight. Milan Malpensa was the second busiest for passengers, handling 18,522,760 (14,773,460 on international flights), but the busiest for freight, with 414,318 tonnes.


The climate varies considerably with latitude. In the south, it is warm temperate, with little rain in the summer months, but the north is cool temperate with rainfall more...

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