Medinat Israel (State of Israel)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Jerusalem

  • Population estimate, 2015: 8.06 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 30,676

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.894/18

  • Internet domain extension: .il

Civil Aviation

There are international airports at Tel Aviv (Ben Gurion), Eilat (J. Hozman), Haifa and Ovda. Tel Aviv is the busiest airport, in 2012 handling 13,133,992 passengers (12,400,479 on international flights) and 285,813 tonnes of freight. El Al is the flag carrier. In 2005 scheduled airline traffic of Israeli-based carriers flew 97.9 m. km and carried 4,382,200 passengers. In 2010 services were also provided by another Israeli airline, Arkia, and by around 50 international carriers.


From April to Oct., the summers are long and hot, and almost rainless. From Nov. to March, the weather is generally mild, though colder in hilly areas, and this is the wet season. Jerusalem, Jan. 12.8 °C, July 28.9 °C. Annual rainfall, 657 mm. Tel Aviv, Jan. 17.2 °C, July 30.2 °C. Annual rainfall, 803 mm.

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