Republik Indonesia (Republic of Indonesia)
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  • Capital: Jakarta

  • Population estimate, 2015: 257.56 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 9,788

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.684/110=

  • Internet domain extension: .id

Civil Aviation

Garuda Indonesia is the state-owned national flag carrier. Merpati Nusantara Airlines, their domestic subsidiary, suspended all services in Feb. 2014 due to cashflow issues. There are international airports at Jakarta (Sukarno-Hatta), Denpasar (on Bali), Medan (Sumatra), Pekanbaru (Sumatra), Ujung Pandang (Sulawesi), Manado (Sulawesi), Solo (Java) and Surabaya Juanda (Java). Jakarta is the busiest airport, in 2012 handling 57,772,762 passengers (42,660,093 domestic passengers, 11,286,687 on international passengers and 3,285,982 direct transit passengers) and 634,751 tonnes of freight. In 2012 scheduled airline traffic of Indonesia-based carriers flew 466.8 m. km; passenger-km totalled 82.9 bn. in the same year.


Conditions vary greatly over this spread of islands, but generally the climate is tropical...

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