Bharat (Republic of India)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: New Delhi

  • Population estimate, 2015: 1,311.05 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 5,497

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.609/130

  • Internet domain extension: .in

Civil Aviation

The main international airports are at Chennai, Delhi (Indira Gandhi), Kolkata, Mumbai and Thiruvananthapuram, with some international flights from Ahmedabad, Amritsar, Bangalore, Calicut, Goa and Hyderabad. Air transport was nationalized in 1953 with the formation of two Air Corporations: Air India for long-distance international air services, and Indian Airlines for air services within India and to adjacent countries. Indian (as Indian Airlines became in 2005) merged into Air India in Feb. 2011. Both domestic and international air transport have been opened to private companies, the largest of which is Jet Airways. Two leading budget airlines, IndiGo and SpiceJet, now operate international as well as domestic services. All operational airports handled a total of 116.9 m. passengers (87.1 m. domestic and...

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