Lyðveldið Ísland (Republic of Iceland)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Reykjavík

  • Population estimate, 2015: 329,000

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 35,182

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.899/16

  • Internet domain extension: .is

Civil Aviation

Icelandair is the national carrier, serving 27 destinations in Europe and 16 in north America. In 2011 it carried 1.7 m. passengers. The second largest airline is the low-cost carrier WOW air. The main international airport is at Keflavík (Leifsstöd), with Reykjavík for flights to the Faroe Islands, Greenland and domestic services. Keflavík handled 2,112,014 passengers in 2011 (of which 412,440 transit passengers) and 36,628 tonnes of freight.


The climate is cool temperate oceanic and rather changeable, but mild for its latitude because of the Gulf Stream and prevailing S.W. winds. Precipitation is high in upland areas, mainly in the form of snow. Reykjavík, Jan. 31.1 °F (−0.5 °C), July 51.1 °F (10.6 °C). Annual rainfall, 2009: 28.1″ (713 mm).

Constitution and Government

The present constitution came...

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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