Reference work entry


  • Capital: Budapest

  • Population estimate, 2015: 9.86 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 22,916

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.828/44

  • Internet domain extension: .hu

Civil Aviation

Budapest airport (Ferihegy) handled 8,095,367 passengers in 2009 (all on international flights) and 54,355 tonnes of freight. Malév, the former national carrier, ceased operations in Feb. 2012. The largest Hungarian airline is now Wizz Air, which started flying in 2004 and is Central and Eastern Europe’s largest low-cost carrier.


A humid continental climate, with warm summers and cold winters. Precipitation is generally greater in summer, with thunderstorms. Dry, clear weather is likely in autumn, but spring is damp and both seasons are of short duration. Budapest, Jan. 32 °F (0 °C), July 71 °F (21.5 °C). Annual rainfall 25″ (625 mm). Pécs, Jan. 30 °F (−0.7 °C), July 71 °F (21.5 °C). Annual rainfall 26.4″ (661 mm).

Constitution and Government

On 18 Oct. 1989 the National Assembly approved by an 88%...

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