Cavaco Silva, Aníbal (Portugal)
Aníbal Cavaco Silva was elected president on 22 Jan. 2006, the first centre-right politician to fill the largely ceremonial post since the 1974 revolution. The free-market economist played a key role in preparing Portugal’s entry in 1986 to the European Economic Community (EEC; later the European Union) and served as prime minister from 1985–95. He was re-elected president in Jan. 2011.
Aníbal António Cavaco Silva was born in Boliqueime, Algarve on 15 July 1939. After graduating in finance in 1964, he worked at the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation in Lisbon from 1967–71 before studying for a PhD in economics at the University of York in the UK.
Returning to Portugal in 1974—the year when the Caetano dictatorship was toppled—Cavaco Silva taught economics at the Catholic University of Portugal. He joined the new centre-right Popular Democratic Party, which became the Social Democratic Party (PSD) in 1976. From 1977 he headed the research and statistics department...