République d’Haïti (Republic of Haiti)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Port-au-Prince

  • Population estimate, 2015: 10.71 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 1,669

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.483/163

  • Internet domain extension: .ht

Civil Aviation

There is an international airport at Port-au-Prince. Cap Haïtien also has scheduled flights to the Turks and Caicos Islands. In 2001 Port-au-Prince handled 913,022 passengers (771,656 on international flights) and 13,455 tonnes of freight.


A tropical climate, but the central mountains can cause semi-arid conditions in their lee. There are rainy seasons from April to June and Aug. to Nov. Hurricanes and severe thunderstorms can occur. The annual temperature range is small. Port-au-Prince, Jan. 77 °F (25 °C), July 84 °F (28.9 °C). Annual rainfall 53″ (1,321 mm).

Constitution and Government

A new constitution was signed off by President Martelly in June 2012, replacing one promulgated in 1987. The 2012 constitution had received parliamentary backing in May 2011 but was not written into law until after...

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