República de Guatemala (Republic of Guatemala)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Guatemala City

  • Population estimate, 2015: 16.34 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 6,929

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.627/128

  • Internet domain extension: .gt

Civil Aviation

There are international airports at Guatemala City (La Aurora) and Flores. In 2013, 59,078 domestic flights and 40,505 international flights arrived at and departed from La Aurora; the international flights carried 2,107,670 passengers.


A tropical climate, with little variation in temperature and a well-marked wet season from May to Oct. Guatemala City, Jan. 63 °F (17.2 °C), July 69 °F (20.6 °C). Annual rainfall 53″ (1,316 mm).

Constitution and Government

A new constitution, drawn up by the Constituent Assembly elected on 1 July 1984, was promulgated in June 1985 and came into force on 14 Jan. 1986. In 1993, 43 amendments were adopted, reducing inter aliathe President’s term of office from 5 to 4 years. The President and Vice-President are elected by direct election (with a second round of voting...

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