Elliniki Dimokratia (Hellenic Republic)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Athens

  • Population estimate, 2015: 10.96 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 24,524

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.865/29

  • Internet domain extension: .gr

Civil Aviation

There are international airports at Athens (Spata ‘Eleftherios Venizelos’) and Thessaloniki-Makedonia. The airport at Spata opened in 2001. The national carrier, Olympic Airlines, ceased operations in Sept. 2009 and Olympic Air, the new airline formed from its privatization, commenced flights that month. In Oct. 2013 Olympic Air was acquired by Aegean Airlines, the largest Greek airline in terms of the number of passengers carried. Apart from the international airports there are a further 25 provincial airports. 5.70 m. passengers were carried in 2005, of whom 2.90 m. were on domestic and 2.80 m. on international flights. Olympic Airlines operates routes from Athens to all important cities of the country, Europe, the Middle East and USA. In 2006 Athens airport (Spata) handled 15,079,708 passengers (9,611,095 on...

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