Republic of Ghana
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Accra

  • Population estimate, 2015: 27.41 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 3,852

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.579/140

  • Internet domain extension: .gh

Civil Aviation

There is an international airport at Accra (Kotoka), which handled 2,424,153 passengers (1,726,051 on international flights) in 2012. As well as domestic flights, in 2010 there were direct international services connecting Accra with more than 20 destinations.


The climate ranges from the equatorial type on the coast to savannah in the north and is typified by the existence of well-marked dry and wet seasons. Temperatures are relatively high throughout the year. The amount, duration and seasonal distribution of rain is very marked, from the south, with over 80″ (2,000 mm), to the north, with under 50″ (1,250 mm). In the extreme north, the wet season is from March to Aug., but further south it lasts until Oct. Near Kumasi, two wet seasons occur, in May and June and again in Oct., and this is repeated, with...

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