Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Federal Republic of Germany)
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  • Capital: Berlin

  • Seats of government: Berlin, Bonn

  • Population estimate, 2015: 80.69 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 43,919

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.916/6=

  • Internet domain extension: .de

Civil Aviation

Lufthansa, the largest carrier, was set up in 1953 and was originally 75% state-owned. The government sold its final shares in 1997. Other airlines include Air Berlin (Germany’s second largest airline and Europe’s third largest low-cost carrier), Condor, Eurowings, Germanwings and TUIfly. In 2012 the airlines of the Lufthansa Group carried 103 m. passengers (20 m. on long-haul flights); revenue passenger-km totalled 204.8 bn. In 2014 civil aviation had 768 aircraft over 20 tonnes and 790 helicopters. In 2014 there were 104.82 m. passenger arrivals and 104.32 m. departures. Main international airports: Berlin (Schönefeld), Berlin (Tegel), Bremen, Cologne-Bonn, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt (Hahn), Hamburg (Fuhlsbüttel), Hanover, Leipzig, Munich, Nuremberg and Stuttgart....

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© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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