Sakartvelos Respublika (Republic of Georgia)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Tbilisi

  • Population estimate, 2015: 4.00 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 7,164

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.754/76

  • Internet domain extension: .ge

Civil Aviation

The main airport is Tbilisi International Airport. The main Georgian carrier is Georgian Airways. In 2009 Tbilisi handled 702,596 passengers (714,976 in 2008) and 12,245 tonnes of freight.


The Georgian climate is extremely varied. The relatively small territory covers different climatic zones, ranging from humid sub-tropical zones to permanent snow and glaciers. In Tbilisi summer is hot: 25–35 °C. Nov. sees the beginning of the Georgian winter and the temperature in Tbilisi can drop to −8 °C; however, average temperature ranges from 2–6 °C.

Constitution and Government

A new constitution of 24 Aug. 1995 defines Georgia as a presidential republic with federal elements. The head of state is the President, elected by universal suffrage for not more than two 5-year terms. The 150-member Supreme Councilis...

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