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France

République Française (French Republic)
Reference work entry

Factsheet

  • Capital: Paris

  • Population estimate, 2015: 64.40 m

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 38,056

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.888/22

  • Internet domain extension: .fr

Civil Aviation

The main international airports are at Paris (Charles de Gaulle), Paris (Orly), Nice-Côte d’Azur, Lyon (Satolas), Marseille-Provence, Beauvais-Tillé, Toulouse (Blagnac), Nantes (Atlantique), Bordeaux (Mérignac) and Lille (Lesquin). The national airline, Air France, was 54.4% state-owned but merged in Oct. 2003 with the Dutch carrier KLM to form Air France-KLM. In 2013 Air France-KLM carried 77.3 m. passengers and 1.3 m. tonnes of cargo on board its 552 aircraft. In 2012 Charles de Gaulle airport handled 61,611,934 passengers (56,201,242 on international flights) and 2,150,950 tonnes of freight.

Climate

The northwest has a moderate maritime climate, with small temperature range and abundant rainfall; inland, rainfall becomes more seasonal, with a summer maximum, and the annual range of temperature increases. Southern...

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© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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