Suomen Tasavalta—Republiken Finland (Republic of Finland)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Helsinki

  • Population estimate, 2015: 5.50 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 38,695

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.883/24

  • Internet domain extension: .fi

Civil Aviation

The main international airport is at Helsinki (Vantaa), and there are also international airports at Turku, Tampere, Rovaniemi and Oulu. The national carrier is Finnair. Scheduled traffic of Finnish airlines covered 177 m. km in 2012. The number of passengers in 2012 was 10.6 m. and the number of passenger-km 24,953 m.; the air transport of freight and mail amounted to 711.7 m. tonne-km. Helsinki-Vantaa handled 12,611,187 passengers in 2009 (10,238,302 on international flights) and 122,107 tonnes of freight and mail. Oulu is the second busiest airport, handling 688,860 passengers in 2009, and Tampere-Pirkkala the third busiest, with 628,105 in 2009.


A quarter of Finland lies north of the Arctic Circle. The climate is severe in winter, which lasts about 6 months, but mean temperatures in the south and...

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