Matanitu Tugalala o Viti (Republic of Fiji)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Suva

  • Population estimate, 2015: 892,000

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 7,493

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.727/90=

  • Internet domain extension: .fj

Civil Aviation

There are international airports at Nadi and Suva. The national carrier is Fiji Airways (51% government-owned). In 2013 it provided services to Australia, Hong Kong, New Zealand, USA and a number of Pacific island nations. In 2012 Nadi handled 1,856,667 passengers (1,602,216 on international flights).


A tropical climate, but oceanic influences prevent undue extremes of heat or humidity. The S. E. Trades blow from May to Nov., during which time nights are cool and rainfall amounts least. Suva, Jan. 80 °F (26.7 °C), July 73 °F (22.8 °C). Annual rainfall 117″ (2,974 mm).

Constitution and Government

Parliament was reopened in Oct. 2001, having been suspended following a coup in May 2000. In 2006 another coup brought Commodore Frank Bainimarama to power but on 9 April 2009 the court of appeal declared his...

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