Capital: Addis Ababa
Population estimate, 2015: 99.39 m.
GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 1,428
HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.442/174
Internet domain extension: .et
There are international airports at Addis Ababa (Bole) and Dire Dawa. The national carrier is the state-owned Ethiopian Airlines, which in 2013 served 79 international and 18 domestic destinations. In the same year it carried 5,594,000 passengers (4,916,000 on international flights). In 2012 Addis Ababa (Bole) handled 7,511,465 passengers and 153,395 tonnes of freight.
The wide range of latitude produces many climatic variations between the high, temperate plateaus and the hot, humid lowlands. The main rainy season lasts from June to Aug., with light rains from Feb. to April, but the country is very vulnerable to drought. Addis Ababa, Jan. 59 °F (15 °C), July 59 °F (15 °C). Annual rainfall 50″ (1,237 mm). Harar, Jan. 65 °F (18.3 °C), July 64 °F (17.8 °C). Annual rainfall 35″ (897 mm). Massawa, Jan....