Eesti Vabariik (Republic of Estonia)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Tallinn

  • Population estimate, 2015: 1.31 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 25,214

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.861/30

  • Internet domain extension: .ee

Civil Aviation

There is an international airport at Tallinn (Lennart Meri International Airport), which handled 2.0 m. passengers (99% on international flights) and over 19,400 tonnes of freight and mail in 2014. The national carrier Estonian Air ceased operations and declared bankruptcy in Dec. 2015. The airline was 97.3% state-owned; in 2014 it carried 553,147 passengers (96% on scheduled flights). Estonian Air operated year-round services in 2014 to Amsterdam, Brussels, Copenhagen, Kyiv, Moscow, Oslo, St Petersburg, Stockholm, Trondheim and Vilnius, plus a number of seasonal routes.


Because of its maritime location Estonia has a moderate climate, with cool summers and mild winters. Average daily temperatures in 2008: Jan. −1.5 °C; July 17.0 °C. Rainfall is heavy, 600–800 mm per year, and evaporation low.


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