Hagere Ertra (State of Eritrea)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Asmara

  • Population estimate, 2015: 5.23 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 1,130

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.391/186

  • Internet domain extension: .er

Civil Aviation

There is an international airport at Asmara (Yohannes IV Airport). In 2010 there were scheduled flights to Cairo, Dubai, Frankfurt, Jeddah, Khartoum, Milan, Nairobi, Rome and Sana’a. In 2012 Asmara handled 211,811 passengers (200,248 on international flights) and 2,705 tonnes of freight.


Massawa, Jan. 78 °F (25.6 °C), July 94 °F (34.4 °C). Annual rainfall 8″ (193 mm).

Constitution and Government

A referendum to approve independence was held on 23–25 April 1993. The electorate was 1,173,506. 99.8% of votes cast were in favour. The transitional government consists of the President and a 150-member National Assembly. It elects the President, who in turn appoints the State Councilmade up of 14 ministers and the governors of the ten provinces. The President chairs both the State Council and the National...

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