Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiya (Arab Republic of Egypt)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Cairo

  • Population estimate, 2015: 91.51 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 10,512

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.690/108

  • Internet domain extension: .eg

Civil Aviation

There are international airports at Cairo, Luxor, Borg El Arab (serving Alexandria), Hurghada and Sharm El-Sheikh. The national carrier is Egyptair, which in 2013 carried 8,513,000 passengers (7,020,000 on international flights). In 2012 Cairo handled 14,839,421 passengers (12,865,751 on international flights). Hurghada was the second busiest airport in 2012, with 7,134,032 passengers.


The climate is mainly dry, but there are winter rains along the Mediterranean coast. Elsewhere, rainfall is very low and erratic in its distribution. Winter temperatures are comfortable everywhere, but summer temperatures are very high, especially in the south. Cairo, Jan. 56 °F (13.3 °C), July 83 °F (28.3 °C). Annual rainfall 1.2″ (28 mm). Alexandria, Jan. 58 °F (14.4 °C), July 79 °F (26.1 °C). Annual rainfall 7″ (178 mm)....

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