Dominican Republic

República Dominicana
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Santo Domingo

  • Population estimate, 2015: 10.53 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 11,883

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.715/101=

  • Internet domain extension: .do

Civil Aviation

The main airports are at Puerto Plata, Punta Cana and Santo Domingo (Las Américas). In 2009 Punta Cana was the busiest airport, handling 4,077,596 passengers, followed by Santo Domingo (2,887,175 passengers) and Puerto Plata (1,096,267). The largest airline operating in the Dominican Republic is the American low-cost airline JetBlue.


A tropical maritime climate with most rain falling in the summer months. The rainy season extends from May to Nov. and amounts are greatest in the north and east. Hurricanes may occur from June to Nov. Santo Domingo, Jan. 75 °F (23.9 °C), July 81 °F (27.2 °C). Annual rainfall 56″ (1,400 mm).

Constitution and Government

A new constitution came into force on 26 Jan. 2010, replacing one from 1966. The new constitution’s provisions included the establishment of a...

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