Czech Republic

Česká Republika
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Prague

  • Population estimate, 2015: 10.54 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 26,660

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.870/28

  • Internet domain extension: .cz

Civil Aviation

There are international airports at Prague (Ruzyně), Ostrava (Mošnov) and Brno (Turany). The national carrier is Czech Airlines, 56.0% of which is owned by the state. In 2007 it flew 82.9 m. km and carried 5,492,200 passengers (5,379,500 on international flights). In 2007 Prague handled 12,436,254 passengers; there were a total of 174,662 take-offs and landings.


A humid continental climate, with warm summers and cold winters. Precipitation is generally greater in summer, with thunderstorms. Autumn, with dry clear weather, and spring, which is damp, are each of short duration. Prague, Jan. 29.5 °F (−1.5 °C), July 67 °F (19.4 °C). Annual rainfall 19.3″ (483 mm). Brno, Jan. 31 °F (−0.6 °C), July 67 °F (19.4 °C). Annual rainfall 21″ (525 mm).

Constitution and Government

The constitution of 1 Jan. 1993 provides...

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

Personalised recommendations