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Cyprus

Kypriaki Dimokratia—Kibris Çumhuriyeti (Republic of Cyprus)
Reference work entry

Factsheet

  • Capital: Nicosia

  • Population estimate, 2015: 1.17 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 28,633

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.850/32=

  • Internet domain extension: .cy

Civil Aviation

Nicosia airport has been closed since the Turkish invasion in 1974. It is situated in the UN controlled buffer zone. There are international airports at Larnaca (the main airport) and Paphos. In 2009, 7,068,080 passengers, 59,092 aircraft and 38,502 tonnes of commercial freight went through these airports. In 2009, 2,318,107 passengers arrived at the two airports on scheduled flights and 2,306,850 passengers departed.

Climate

The climate is Mediterranean, with very hot, dry summers and variable winters. Maximum temperatures may reach 112 °F (44.5 °C) in July and Aug., but minimum figures may fall to 22 °F (−5.5 °C) in the mountains in winter, when snow is experienced. Rainfall is generally between 10″ and 27″ (250 and 675 mm) and occurs mainly in the winter months, but it may reach 48″ (1,200 mm) in the Troodos...

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© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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