República de Cuba (Republic of Cuba)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Havana

  • Population estimate, 2015: 11.39 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 7,301

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.769/67=

  • Internet domain extension: .cu

Civil Aviation

There is an international airport at Havana (Jose Martí). The state airline Cubana operates all services internally, and in 2010 had international flights from Havana to Bogotá, Buenos Aires, Cancún, Caracas, Guatemala City, London, Madrid, Mexico City, Montreal, Moscow, Panama City, Paris, Rome, San José (Costa Rica), Santiago, Santo Domingo and Toronto. In 2012 scheduled airline traffic of Cuban-based carriers flew 15.6 m. km; passenger-km totalled 2.7 bn. in the same year. In 2009 Havana Jose Martí International handled 6,632,862 passengers and 27,339 tonnes of freight.


Situated in the sub-tropical zone, Cuba has a generally rainy climate, affected by the Gulf Stream and the N.E. Trades, although winters are comparatively dry after the heaviest rains in Sept. and Oct. Hurricanes are liable to occur...

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