Republika Hrvatska (Republic of Croatia)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Zagreb

  • Population estimate, 2015: 4.24 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 19,409

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.818/47

  • Internet domain extension: .hr

Civil Aviation

The biggest international airports are Zagreb (Pleso), Split and Dubrovnik. The national carrier is Croatia Airlines, which carried 1,952,000 passengers in 2012. Zagreb Airport handled 2,317,170 passengers in 2012 (1,896,129 on international flights) and 6,929 tonnes of freight, Dubrovnik 1,455,470 passengers (1,215,168 on international flights) and Split 1,393,649 passengers (1,211,067 on international flights).


Inland Croatia has a central European type of climate, with cold winters and hot summers, but the Adriatic coastal region experiences a Mediterranean climate with mild, moist winters and hot, brilliantly sunny summers with less than average rainfall. Average annual temperature and rainfall: Dubrovnik, 16.6 °C and 1,051 mm. Zadar, 15.6 °C and 963 mm. Rijeka, 14.3 °C and 1,809 mm. Zagreb, 12.4 °C and...

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