Costa Rica

República de Costa Rica (Republic of Costa Rica)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: San José

  • Population estimate, 2015: 4.81 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2013: (PPP$) 13,413

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.766/69=

  • Internet domain extension: .cr

Civil Aviation

There are international airports at San José (Juan Santamaria) and Liberia (Daniel Oduber Quirós). The national carrier is Líneas Aéreas Costarriquenses (LACSA). In 2012 scheduled airline traffic of Costa Rican-based carriers flew 23.2 m. km; passenger-km totalled 4.9 bn. in the same year. In 2012 San José handled 3,217,400 passengers (2,287,416 on international flights) and 80,157 tonnes of freight.


The climate is tropical, with a small range of temperature and abundant rain. The dry season is from Dec. to April. San José, Jan. 66 °F (18.9 °C), July 69 °F (20.6 °C). Annual rainfall 72″ (1,793 mm).

Constitution and Government

The Constitution was promulgated on 7 Nov. 1949. The legislative power is vested in a single-chamber Legislative Assembly of 57 deputies elected for 4 years. The President and two Vice-Presidents...

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© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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