Congo, Democratic Republic of the

République Démocratique du Congo
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Kinshasa

  • Population estimate, 2015: 77.27 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 680

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.433/176

  • Internet domain extension: .cd

Civil Aviation

There is an international airport at Kinshasa (Ndjili). Other major airports are at Lubumbashi (Luano), Bukavu, Goma and Kisangani. The main carrier is Hewa Bora Airways. In 2009 Kinshasa handled 672,347 passengers (385,923 international) and 67,544 tonnes of freight.


The climate is varied, the central region having an equatorial climate, with year-long high temperatures and rain at all seasons. Elsewhere, depending on position north or south of the Equator, there are well-marked wet and dry seasons. The mountains of the east and south have a temperate mountain climate, with the highest summits having considerable snowfall. Kinshasa, Jan. 79 °F (26.1 °C), July 73 °F (22.8 °C). Annual rainfall 45″ (1,125 mm). Kananga, Jan. 76 °F (24.4 °C), July 74 °F (23.3 °C). Annual rainfall 62″ (1,584 mm). Kisangani,...

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