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Colombia

República de Colombia (Republic of Colombia)
Reference work entry

Factsheet

  • Capital: Bogotá

  • Population estimate, 2015: 48.23 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 12,040

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.720/97=

  • Internet domain extension: .co

Civil Aviation

The main international airports at Barranquilla, Bogotá (Eldorado), Cali, Cartagena and Medellín. The main Colombian airline is Avianca. In 2005 scheduled traffic of Colombian-based carriers flew 132.5 m. km and carried 9,933,100 passengers. The busiest airport is Bogotá, which in 2014 handled 27,430,266 passengers (19,075,679 on domestic flights) and 636,657 tonnes of freight.

Climate

The climate includes equatorial and tropical conditions, according to situation and altitude. In tropical areas, the wettest months are March to May and Oct. to Nov. Bogotá, Jan. 58 °F (14.4 °C), July 57 °F (13.9 °C). Annual rainfall 42″ (1,052 mm). Barranquilla, Jan. 80 °F (26.7 °C), July 82 °F (27.8 °C). Annual rainfall 32″ (799 mm). Cali, Jan. 75 °F (23.9 °C), July 75 °F (23.9 °C). Annual rainfall 37″ (915 mm). Medellín, Jan....

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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