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China

Zhonghua Renmin Gonghe Guo (People’s Republic of China)
Reference work entry

Factsheet

  • Capital: Beijing (Peking)

  • Population estimate, 2015: 1,376.05 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 12,547

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.727/90=

  • Internet domain extension: .cn

Civil Aviation

There are major international airports at Beijing (Capital), Guangzhou (Baiyun), Hong Kong (Chek Lap Kok) and Shanghai (Hongqiao and Pudong). In 2012 there were 180 civil airports for regular flights. The national and major airlines are state-owned. The leading Chinese airlines operating scheduled services in 2013 were China Southern Airlines (91.8 m. passengers), China Eastern Airlines (79.1 m.) and Air China (77.7 m.). Other Chinese airlines include Hainan Airlines, Shandong Airlines, Shanghai Airlines, Shenzhen Airlines, Sichuan Airlines and Xiamen Airlines. In 2013 the busiest airport was Beijing (Capital International), with 83.7 m. passengers.

Climate

Most of China has a temperate climate but, with such a large country, extending far inland and embracing a wide range of latitude as well as...

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© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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