República de Chile (Republic of Chile)
Reference work entry


  • Capitals: Santiago (Administrative), Valparaíso (Legislative)

  • Population estimate, 2015: 17.95 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 21,290

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.832/42

  • Internet domain extension: .cl

Civil Aviation

There are international airports at Antofagasta, Arica, Easter Island (Isla de Pascua), Iquique, Puerto Montt, Punta Arenas and Santiago (Comodoro Arturo Merino Benítez). In 2012 Santiago handled 14,168,282 passengers (6,753,584 on international flights). The largest airline is LATAM, created in June 2012 when the Chilean carrier LAN Airlines (formerly LAN-Chile) merged with TAM, Brazil’s largest airline.


With its enormous range of latitude and the influence of the Andean Cordillera, the climate of Chile is very complex, ranging from extreme aridity in the north, through a Mediterranean climate in Central Chile, where winters are wet and summers dry, to a cool temperate zone in the south, with rain at all seasons. In the extreme south, conditions are very wet...

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