Central African Republic

République Centrafricaine
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Bangui

  • Population estimate, 2015: 4.90 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 581

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.350/187

  • Internet domain extension: .cf

Civil Aviation

There is an international airport at M’Poko, near Bangui, which handled 124,940 passengers (91,854 on international flights) in 2012.


A tropical climate with little variation in temperature. The wet months are May, June, Oct. and Nov. Bangui, Jan. 31.9 °C, July 20.7 °C. Annual rainfall 1,289.3 mm. Ndele, Jan. 36.3 °C, July 30.5 °C. Annual rainfall 203.6 mm.

Constitution and Government

Under the Constitution adopted by a referendum on 21 Nov. 1986, the sole legal political party was the Rassemblement Démocratique Centrafricain. In Aug. 1992 the Constitution was revised to permit multi-party democracy. Further constitutional reforms followed a referendum in Dec. 1994, including the establishment of a Constitutional Court. Following the coup of March 2003 Gen. François Bozizé suspended the constitution and...

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