Republika y’Uburundi (Republic of Burundi)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Bujumbura

  • Population estimate, 2015: 11.18 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 758

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.400/184

  • Internet domain extension: .bi

Civil Aviation

There were direct flights to Dar es Salaam, Kigali, Mwanza and Nairobi in 2010. Air Burundi is the state-owned national airline, but it has not been operational since Sept. 2009. Bujumbura International airport handled 291,838 passengers and 3,054 tonnes of freight in 2012.


An equatorial climate, modified by altitude. The eastern plateau is generally cool, the easternmost savanna several degrees hotter. The wet seasons are from March to May and Sept. to Dec. Bujumbura, Jan. 73 °F (22.8 °C), July 73 °F (22.8 °C). Annual rainfall 33″ (825 mm).

Constitution and Government

The constitution of 1981 provided for a one-party state. In Jan. 1991 the government of President Maj. Pierre Buyoya, leader of the sole party, the Union for National Progress (UPRONA), proposed a new constitution which was approved by a...

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