República Federativa do Brasil (Federative Republic of Brazil)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Brasília (Federal District)

  • Population estimate, 2015: 207.85 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 15,175

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.755/75

  • Internet domain extension: .br

Civil Aviation

There are major international airports at Rio de Janeiro-Galeão (Antonio Carlos Jobim International) and São Paulo (Guarulhos) and some international flights from Brasília, Porto Alegre, Recife and Salvador. The main airlines are LATAM (created in June 2012 when the Brazilian carrier TAM merged with LAN Airlines, Chile’s largest airline) and Gol (a low-cost airline launched in 2001). Brazil’s busiest airport is Guarulhos (São Paulo), which handled 18,795,596 passengers in 2007, followed by Congonhas (São Paulo) with 15,244,401 passengers (all on domestic flights) and Brasília International (Presidente Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport) with 11,119,872 passengers.


Because of its latitude, the climate is predominantly tropical, but factors such as altitude, prevailing winds and...

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