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Bosnia-Herzegovina

Republika Bosna i Hercegovina (Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Reference work entry

Factsheet

  • Capital: Sarajevo

  • Population estimate, 2015: 3.81 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 9,638

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.733/85=

  • Internet domain extension: .ba

Civil Aviation

There are airports at Sarajevo (Butmir), Tuzla, Banja Luka and Mostar. In 2012 Sarajevo handled 580,058 passengers (all international) and 1,858 tonnes of freight.

Climate

The climate is generally continental with steady rainfall throughout the year, although in areas nearer the coast it is more Mediterranean.

Constitution and Government

On 31 May 1994 the National Assembly approved the creation of the Muslim Croat federation (the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina). The government structure was established in 1996 as follows: Heading the state is a three-member Presidency (one Croat, one Muslim, one Serb) with a rotating president. The Presidency is elected by direct universal suffrage, and is responsible for foreign affairs and the nomination of the prime minister. There is a two-chamber parliament: the House...

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© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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