Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (Plurinational State of Bolivia)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Sucre

  • Seat of government: La Paz

  • Population estimate, 2015: 10.73 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 5,760

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.662/119

  • Internet domain extension: .bo

Civil Aviation

The three international airports are La Paz (El Alto), Santa Cruz de la Sierra (Viru Viru) and Cochabamba (Jorge Wisterman). The main airline is Aerosur. In 2005 scheduled airline traffic of Bolivian-based carriers flew 17.1 m. km, carrying 1,396,400 passengers.


The varied geography produces different climates. The low-lying areas in the Amazon Basin are warm and damp throughout the year, with heavy rainfall from Nov. to March; the Altiplano is generally dry between May and Nov. with sunshine but cold nights in June and July, while the months from Dec. to March are the wettest. La Paz, Jan. 55.9 °F (13.3 °C), July 50.5 °F (10.3 °C). Annual rainfall 20.8″ (529 mm). Sucre, Jan. 58.5 °F (14.7 °C), July 52.7 °F (11.5 °C). Annual rainfall 20.1″ (510 mm).

Constitution and Government


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