Druk-yul (Kingdom of Bhutan)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Thimphu

  • Population estimate, 2015: 775,000

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 7,176

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.605/132

  • Internet domain extension: .bt

Civil Aviation

In 2010 Drukair flew from Paro to Bagdogra (in India), Bangkok, Delhi, Dhaka, Kathmandu and Kolkata. In 2012 scheduled airline traffic of Bhutan-based carriers flew 3.0 m. km; passenger-km totalled 307 m. in the same year.


The climate is largely controlled by altitude. The mountainous north is cold, with perpetual snow on the summits, but the centre has a more moderate climate, though winters are cold, with rainfall under 40″ (1,000 mm). In the south, the climate is humid sub-tropical and rainfall approaches 200″ (5,000 mm).

Constitution and Government

Bhutan’s first formal constitution came into force on 18 July 2008, after a period of almost 7 years of planning. There is a bicameral parliament. The lower house is the National Assembly(with a maximum of 55 members but currently with 47, all elected) and...

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