Azarbaijchan Respublikasy (Republic of Azerbaijan)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Baku

  • Population estimate, 2015: 9.75 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 16,428

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.751/78

  • Internet domain extension: .az

Civil Aviation

There is an international airport at Baku. Azerbaijan Airlines, the national airline, had international flights in 2010 to Aktau, Ankara, Astrakhan, Dubai, İstanbul, London, Milan, Moscow, Paris, Rostov, St Petersburg, Tel Aviv and Urumqi. In 2005 scheduled airline traffic of Azerbaijan-based carriers flew 14.8 m. km, carrying 494,800 passengers.


The climate is almost tropical in summer and the winters slightly warmer than in regions north of the Caucasus. Cold spells do occur, however, both on the high mountains and in the enclosed valleys. There are nine climatic zones. Baku, Jan. −6 °C, July 25 °C. Annual rainfall 318 mm.

Constitution and Government

Parliament is the 125-member Melli-Majlis, with all seats elected from single-member districts. A constitutional referendum and parliamentary elections were...

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