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Austria

Republik Österreich (Austrian Republic)
Reference work entry

Factsheet

  • Capital: Vienna

  • Population estimate, 2015: 8.55 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 43,869

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.885/23

  • Internet domain extension: .at

Civil Aviation

There are international airports at Vienna (Schwechat), Graz, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt, Linz and Salzburg. The national airline is Austrian Airlines, which was privatized after a takeover by Lufthansa in Sept. 2009. In April 2015 Tyrolean Airways merged into Austrian Airlines. In 2010, 65 other airlines had scheduled flights to and from Vienna. In 2011, 312,502 commercial aircraft and 25,704,655 passengers arrived and departed; 227,938 tonnes of freight and 13,551 tonnes of mail were handled. In 2011 Vienna handled 21,069,398 passengers and 218,835 tonnes of freight. Austrian Airlines carried 11,261,000 passengers in 2011.

Climate

The climate is temperate and from west to east in transition from marine to more continental. Depending on the elevation, the climate is also predominated by alpine influence. Winters are...

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© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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