Commonwealth of Australia
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Canberra

  • Population estimate, 2015: 23.97 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 42,261

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.935/2

  • Internet domain extension: .au

Civil Aviation

Qantas Airways is Australia’s principal international airline. A total of 54 international airlines operated scheduled air services to and from Australia in& 2014. There are 11 international airports, the main ones being Adelaide, Brisbane, Cairns, Darwin, Melbourne, Perth and Sydney. In 2014–15 passenger movements totalled a record 147,353,391 (an increase of 0.6% on the previous financial year); domestic and regional passenger numbers totalled 113,486,916 and international 33,866,475; international freight increased by 6.3% to a record 936,733 tonnes; international mail decreased by 0.3% to 40,395 tonnes. Sydney (Kingsford Smith) handled the most traffic (26.5%) in Australia in 2014–15 (39,021,357 passengers, of which 25,513,156 on domestic and regional flights), followed by Melbourne International (21.7%) and...

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

Personalised recommendations