Population estimate, 2015: 3.02 m.
GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 8,124
HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.733/85=
Internet domain extension: .am
There is an international airport at Yerevan (Zvartnots), which handled 1,443,557 passengers and 8,323 tonnes of freight in 2009. In April 2013 the Armenian flag carrier, Armavia, ceased operations. In 2010 there were direct flights from Yerevan to over 40 international destinations.
Summers are very dry and hot although nights can be cold. Winters are very cold, often with heavy snowfall. Yerevan, Jan. −9 °C, July 28 °C. Annual rainfall 318 mm.
Constitution and Government
The constitution was adopted by a nationwide referendum on 5 July 1995. The head of state is the President, directly elected for 5-year terms. Parliament is a 131-member Azgayin Zhoghov (National Assembly), with 90 deputies elected by party list and 41 chosen by direct election. The government is nominated by the President.