República Argentina (Argentine Republic)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Buenos Aires

  • Population estimate, 2015: 43.42 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2013: (PPP$) 17,297

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.836/40

  • Internet domain extension: .ar

Civil Aviation

The main airport is Ministro Pistarini International Airport—also known as Ezeiza International Airport—which serves Buenos Aires and handled 7,910,048 passengers in 2009 (7,461,727 passengers on international flights). The second busiest airport is Aeroparque Jorge Newbery, also serving Buenos Aires, which handled 6,449,344 passengers in 2009. It is much more important as a domestic airport, with only 524,934 passengers on international flights in 2009. The national carrier, Aerolíneas Argentinas, was privatized in 1990 but renationalized in Sept. 2008. In 2006 scheduled airline traffic of Argentinian-based carriers flew 101 m. km, carrying 6,636,000 passengers (1,818,000 on international flights).


The climate is warm temperate over the pampas, where rainfall occurs in all seasons, but diminishes...

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