Jumhuriya al-Jazairiya ad-Dimuqratiya ash-Shabiya (People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Algiers

  • Population estimate, 2015: 39.67 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 13,054

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.736/83

  • Internet domain extension: .dz

Civil Aviation

The main airport is Algiers International Airport (also known as Houari Boumedienne Airport), which opened a new terminal in July 2006 to allow for more international air traffic; some international services also use airports at Annaba, Constantine and Oran. The national carrier is the state-owned Air Algérie, which in 2013 carried 4,703,000 passengers (3,182,000 on international flights). In 2012 Houari Boumedienne Airport handled 5,404,971 passengers (3,824,009 on international flights) and 25,359 tonnes of freight.


Coastal areas have a warm temperate climate, with most rain in winter, which is mild, while summers are hot and dry. Inland, conditions become more arid beyond the Atlas Mountains. Algiers, Jan. 54 °F (12.2 °C), July 76 °F (24.4 °C). Annual rainfall 30″ (762 mm). Biskra, Jan. 52 °F...

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