Republika e Shqipërisë (Republic of Albania)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Tirana

  • Population estimate, 2015: 2.90 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 9,943

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.733/85=

  • Internet domain extension: .al

Civil Aviation

The national carrier, Albanian Airlines, ceased operations in Nov. 2011. Subsequently Belle Air, a low-cost carrier founded in 2005, became the de facto national carrier, but it in turn ceased operations in Nov. 2013. It had international flights to a number of destinations in Europe as well as some charter flights. In 2006 scheduled airline traffic of Albania-based carriers flew 2 m. km, carrying 213,000 passengers (all on international flights). The main airport is Mother Teresa International Airport at Rinas, 25 km from Tirana, which handled 1,394,688 passengers in 2009.


Mediterranean-type, with rainfall mainly in winter, but thunderstorms are frequent and severe in the great heat of the plains in summer. Winters in the highlands can be severe, with much snow. Tirana, Jan. 44 °F (6.8 °C), July 75 °F...

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