Da Afganistan Islami Jomhoriyat—Jamhuri-ye Islami-ye Afganistan (Islamic Republic of Afghanistan)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Kabul

  • Population estimate, 2015: 32.53 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 1,885

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.465/171

  • Internet domain extension: .af

Civil Aviation

There is an international airport at Kabul (Khwaja Rawash Airport). The national carrier is Ariana Afghan Airlines, which in 2010 operated direct flights from Kabul to Amritsar, Baku, Delhi, Dubai, Dushanbe, Frankfurt, Islamabad, İstanbul, Jeddah, Kuwait, Mashad, Moscow, Riyadh, Tehran and Urumqi, as well as domestic services. In 2014 it carried 253,040 passengers, up from 226,266 in 2013. The UN sanctions imposed on 14 Nov. 1999 included the cutting off of Afghanistan’s air links to the outside world. In Jan. 2002 Ariana Afghan Airlines resumed services and Kabul airport was reopened. The airport was heavily bombed during the US campaign and although it is now functioning with some civilian flights it is still being used extensively by the military authorities. Afghanistan’s first private airline, Kam Air, was...

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