Yaoundé, Cameroon

Reference work entry


Yaoundé is the capital of Cameroon, the country’s administrative, financial, and communications centre and the seat of the government. The city stands on seven hills between the Sanaga and Nyong rivers. Yaoundé is at the centre of a rich agricultural district with a varied industry.


Yaoundé was founded in 1888 by German traders (in ivory) when Cameroon was a German protectorate. In 1915, the city was occupied by Belgium and in 1922 Yaoundé was declared the capital of French Cameroon. It remained capital after the independence of the Republic of Cameroon in 1960. In 1963 an Association Convention between the EEC and 17 African states and Madagascar was signed in Yaoundé.

Modern City

Manufactures include cigarettes, lumber and clay and glass products. The city is a trade centre for sugar, coffee, cacao and rubber. Yaoundé is a highway junction and is Cameroon’s main railroad. There is an international airport. The only rail connection into the country is from the...

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

Personalised recommendations