Vaduz is on the River Rhine and is the small capital of the Principality of Liechtenstein. The town is the seat of the government and of parliament. Vaduz is a centre for tourism and agriculture and also has engineering industries. Owing to liberal taxation laws, the capital is an international finance centre and banks dominate the centre of Vaduz. It is home to the ruling Prince Hans-Adam II (among the richest men in the world), whose castle overlooks the town.
Vaduz was first mentioned in a document dated 1150. In 1342, it became the dominant town in the county of Vaduz. In 1719, the two counties Vaduz and Schellenberg united to create the Imperial Principality of Liechtenstein. The Royal Castle in Vaduz has belonged to the ruling family since 1712 but Francis Joseph II was the first to make it his permanent residence in 1938.
The nearest airport is Kloten in Zürich (Switzerland). There is no railway service in Vaduz, but there are bus and taxi...