Bush, George W. (United States of America)

Reference work entry


The 43rd president of the USA, George Walker Bush took office in 2001 after one of the most controversial presidential elections in history. He was the first president since 1888 to reach the White House despite losing the popular vote. Within 9 months of taking office, Bush was plunged into one of the most challenging periods of any presidency after the USA was attacked by Islamic extremists on 11 Sept. 2001. There followed military action against the Taliban regime in Afghanistan. In Feb. 2003, against opposition in the UN, Bush authorized US-led forces to attack Iraq and remove Saddam Hussein from power. He was re-elected in Nov. 2004 for a second term with 51% of the popular vote and inaugurated in Jan. 2005. His approval ratings subsequently declined as public hostility to US military involvement in Iraq increased, culminating in defeat for his Republican Party in mid-term congressional elections in Nov. 2006. He left office on the completion of his second...

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

Personalised recommendations