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St George’s, Grenada

Reference work entry

Introduction

Grenada’s capital, St George’s, is on the south west coast of the island. The city is the country’s main port with a natural harbour. Cocoa, bananas and nutmeg (Grenada is one of the world’s leading producers) are exported. St George’s is the chief charter-boat and yachting centre of the eastern Caribbean. The capital reaches from the harbour to the Carenage, a commercial and government. St George’s is regarded as one of the most picturesque cities in the Caribbean, with its nineteenth century Creole houses roofed with red fishscale tiles.

History

Christopher Columbus sighted Grenada in 1948, but the city of St George’s dates from a French settlement in 1650. The French and the English fought each other for control of the island throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, unit the British took Grenada in 1783. When the island gained independence within the Commonwealth in 1974, St George’s remained its capital.

Modern City

The main industries are sugar and rum. Tourism is increasingly important. The nearest airport is Point Salines International Airport on Grenada’s southwest coast, 3 miles outside the capital. There are no buses operating from the airport but there are rental cars and taxis. Visitors need to purchase a local driving license, available from the car rental companies. Most buses leave St George’s from the Esplanade bus terminal. The city is also a port of call for cruise ships. St George’s University is the country’s only university. Granada’s biggest festival is its Carnival, which takes place in St George’s on the second weekend in Aug. The Carnival includes calypso and steel band competitions.

Places of Interest

The Grenada National Museum in the centre of St George’s includes fragments of Amerindian pottery, an old rum still and a marble bathtub that used to belong to Empress Josephine of France. St George’s Methodist Church, built in 1820, is the oldest church building. Overlooking the city are two forts, Fort George (built by the French in 1705) and Fort Frederick (completed by the British in 1791). The Mabuya Fishermen Museum has ships’ wheels and shark jaws. Outside the capital there are several waterfalls including the Concord Falls and the Royal Mount Carmel Falls.

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© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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