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Bush, George H. W. (United States of America)

Reference work entry

Introduction

The 41st president of the United States, George Herbert Wallace Bush was vice-president of the United States under Ronald W. Reagan from 1991–89 and served one term as president from 1989–93. He is best remembered for establishing a multi-national military force which defeated Iraq during the 1991 Persian Gulf War and forced it to withdraw from Kuwait.

Early Life

Born on 12 June 1924 in Milton, Massachusetts, Bush’s father was a senator and an investment banker. Bush grew up in Greenwich, Connecticut. After graduating from Phillips Academy in Andover he joined the U.S. Naval Reserve and during World War II served for 2 years as a torpedo bomber pilot in the Pacific. He flew 58 combat missions and won the Distinguished Flying Cross for his services. In 1945 Bush married Barbara Pierce with whom he would have six children, one of which died aged three of leukaemia. He attended Yale University and then moved with his family to Texas. In 1953 he co-founded the Zapata Petroleum...

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